Click here for a quick summary of the industrial revolution. Read ”The First Industrial Revolution.”.
William Cockerill was born and raised in Lancashire, England. There in England, he worked as a blacksmith. Many had said that William was skilled as a mechanical engineer, but in England he had little success. He ventured to Russia and worked on a project for Cathrine II. After, Cathrine II’s death, Cockerill was imprisoned for not finishing a prototype on time. He escaped prison, from Russia h he traveled to Sweden. There in Sweden, he constructed locks on a canal.
He had heard about the woollen industry that was located in Liège and Verviers (Belgium). William Cockerill designed and soon manufactured a spinning and wool-carding machine. He eventually found himself in Liège, Belgium. With the help of his three sons, he set up a machine factory. Most of Europe (Belgium included) was unaware of British industrial products, once Cockerill imported a steam engine, his factory became famous. William and his son, John Cockerill both brought the industrial revolution to Belgium.
The invention of the railway was the main cause of the Industrial Revolution in Germany. The development of the railway system resulted in an increase in available jobs. This leaded to new factories and more foods. The railway system also let Germans travel to find work in factories.
The industrial revolution began in the 1848. Before Germany was mostly a rural country and most people were unemployed. People had to rely on their own crops for food. The industrial revolution changed the entire lifestyle of the Germans.
Many Germans moved from rural parts of the country to the more urbanized parts.
This article suggests that China didn’t miss the revolution, it didn’t even need it. By this time, China had a number a inventions/systems to work with, from there they only grew in power. Suggested collage level readers.
Article gives reasoning on why exactly China missed out while Europe prospered from the revolution. Pay specific attention to the first few paragraphs in Institutional Changes. Article is wordy but the first 8 paragraphs should point out the reasons and be clear.
This video examines 3 paintings made amidst the height of the Industrial Revolution (Constable’s White Horse, Friedrich’s Sea of Ice, and Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa), all part of the artistic movement known as romanticism.
The discussion presented in the video brings up a few important points about the romantic movement. The idea of a changing landscape in England in the Constable is an important theme throughout the early to mid-romantic era, an idea influenced by the rise in factories, the introduction of the train and railways, the decrease in small family farms and rise in larger, more efficient farming spaces. A similar analysis is provided here.
The Friedrich features the concept of an awesome nature whose powers violently displace its human counterparts. This idea is a reaction to the attempt of the industrial revolution to tame, alter, and harness the power of nature. Another important theme, which is not really brought up in the video, is the harshness of the landscapes, resembling the steel structures emerging from the industrial revolution. This analysis delves further into the relationship between man and nature, as well as the relationship between this painting and others of the time period and the previous movement of neoclassicism. This analysis looks at other works of the romantic period dealing with the struggle between nature, industrialization, and man.
The Géricault visually presents an idea of human desperation. This painting has less to do with the industrial revolution and more to do with corruption in France at that moment. The elements of drama, tragedy, and absurdity could be viewed as an emotional reaction to the landscape of 19th century industrialization, but speak more directly to the political landscape of the monarchy. Here is a more in depth analysis, though no mention of industrial revolution.